Renting an apartment in a foreign country can be stressful and intimidating. If you are looking for an apartment to rent in Turkey, here are a few guidelines you should know before you get started on your home searching.
Foreign nationals who have obtained a residence permit in Turkey have the right to rent an apartment. In the Turkish Code of Obligations, how a person will rent an immovable property is regulated. First of all, the lessor and the foreign citizen must make a rental agreement for the immovable. This situation does not differ for foreign nationals and Turkish citizens, and the same conditions apply to both parties. The critical point here is that a foreign citizen must have a residence permit to rent a property.
It may not be easy to find a home that will meet all your needs. So don't be in a hurry when looking for an apartment. First of all, you can start working by doing rental home research on the internet (Most favored sites are www.sahibinden.com, www.hurriyetemlak.com, etc.) Then, to see the homes you like in person, you can contact the real estate agent or homeowner directly by calling the phone number in the advertisements on the internet. Apart from the internet, you can browse the rental homes by searching the numbers on the advertisements hanging on the windows of the houses or by visiting real estate agents in almost every district.
However, if you have a friend you are in contact with to get information before settling in Turkey, you can ask him for help. The guidance of an experienced person who speaks Turkish and has a good command of house rental methods in the country will make your job much easier during the home rental process.
Set Your Standards
If you have specific standards when renting an apartment, you will save time and energy by searching according to these standards.
For example, you may prioritize being close to the hospital or being close to the gym. For this reason, do not forget to consider these criteria when searching for a rental apartment.
Investigate Transport Possibilities
Let's say you found an apartment that you like and that you can easily afford. First, check the car parking areas on the street close to this home. Then, make sure that public vehicles such as metro, city bus, minibus pass near the house.
Even if the rent of an apartment is suitable for your budget and you like it, it will not be helpful and comfortable for you if there is a problem with transportation. Therefore, pay attention to things like transportation and parking.
Make a Lease Contract
A lease contract is a written document that formalizes the homeowner's leaving his home for the tenant's use and the tenant's use of the apartment by paying the rent. It also acts as a safeguard measure for the parties against possible problems in the future.
When you decide to rent the apartment you are looking at, make a rental agreement with the homeowner in two copies.
The following information must be included in the lease contract to be made between the foreign tenant and the homeowner:
- Apartment address
- Type of leased property
- Owner name and his/her citizenship identification number
- Property owner's address
- Tenant's name and his/her passport ID
- Tenant's address
- Start date of the lease
- The duration of the contract
- Monthly rental fee
- Annual rental fee
- The payment method of the rental fee
- Use of the property
- Property status
- Fixtures delivered with the leased property
Beware of the Real Estate Commission
If you rent an apartment through a real estate agent, you have to pay a commission to the real estate agent. Regardless of the contract term, one monthly rental fee is charged only once from the tenant.
Of course, you can rent a house directly with the property owner without applying to the real estate agent. In this case, you would not have given a real estate commission.
Prepare a Security Deposit and Pay Advance Rent
When you've found a property to rent, you'll have to make some payments before you move in. You will usually have to pay your first month's rent in advance and a security deposit.
Security deposit is an amount that the property owner takes from the tenant to guarantee to repair property damage or damages during the period of the tenant's stay.
A deposit equal to a few months' rent (generally one monthly rent for unfurnished flats and two monthly rents for furnished ones) is usually required. The warranty is reimbursed when the agreement ends, and any deductions have been made to cover the damage caused by the tenant or unpaid utility bills.
The value of a deposit is by law set at the maximum rental value of the property for a maximum of three months, which the lessor is not entitled to exceed in any case.
The parties should write the amount of the deposit in the lease to be proof that this amount has been paid to the homeowner.
Deposit and rent payments should be in Turkish Lira. However, to avoid undeclared rental income, monthly payments on residential property over 500 TL must be made by bank transfer or post office money order. The printed receipt is proof of payment.
Take over utilities
You will want to make sure there is no debt from previous utility bills and discuss whether and how you will be putting them in your name. Keep in mind that utilities such as electricity, natural gas, and water may also require deposits when being transferred over. In addition, some residences come with an "aidat," which is a monthly maintenance fee for the building. These “aidat” amounts may be very high, especially for residences having rich social facilities. So, check “aidat” amount before making a lease contract.