Turkey is among the countries that host many tourists with its unique beauties. With its many pastoral areas, beaches, mountain and promenade places, holiday villages, and wonderful city halls, Turkey also offers different and fascinating opportunities to the couples who will marry. The best and most beautiful aspect of getting married in Turkey is that couples can start their honeymoon by reaching the nearest holiday facilities in a very short time without wasting any time right after the wedding. Maybe a private tour or a cruise in the Aegean can be one of the honeymoon options.
What are the marriage procedures for foreigners in Turkey?
According to the Turkish Marriage Law and regulations, a Turkish citizen and a foreign national or two foreigners of two different genders can marry each other and this process is carried out only by Turkish authorities. It is possible for two foreigners of the same nationality to marry in their country's embassy or consulate offices or in Turkish Marriage Offices at municipalities. Two different foreign nationals can’t get married in Turkey. It should be noted that other types of marriage than civil marriage, eg. Religious marriage in accordance with beliefs, are illegal and not recognized by the state.
All marriages in the country, whether foreign or Turkish, are conducted by the Turkish authorities and are carried out in accordance with the Turkish Civil Code and relevant regulations.
Foreigners (or foreigners with Turkish citizenship) who want to marry must present a document from the competent authorities of their country proving that they are currently not married. Otherwise, it is not possible for the Turkish authorities to make a new marriage. This means that currently married couples cannot remarry in Turkey under Turkish law.
Documents required to marry a foreign national
Specific for foreign nationals
- Foreign nationals must have the Certificate of Celibacy in Turkish (excluding Apostille and multilingual documents) approved by the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which they will receive from the consulate in their home country.
- Passports must be notarized with their Turkish translation.
- If the couples do not speak Turkish, they will have a sworn translator at the time of application. Declarations will be filled in the presence of an interpreter. They will also have an interpreter during the marriage.
In Certificates of Celibacy
Name, surname, date, and place of birth, names of parents
Nationality, passport, or ID number
The appropriate marital status (in the form of single, divorced or widowed) should be written.
- If the woman is widowed, the date of death of her husband, if divorced, the date of divorce should be written.
- The divorced or widowed woman should bring a Birth Certificate stating her maiden name.
- There should be a statement in the celibacy documents stating that there is no problem in getting married.
- The legal validity period of all documents is 6 months (180 days)
Some of the conditions that must be met for a valid marriage under Turkish law are as follows:
Marriage competence (age and capacity): Only those who have discrimination and sufficient mental capacity are allowed to marry. Mental illnesses, therefore, create an obstacle for marriage. In addition, a person must be at least an 18-year-old adult to marry.
Kinship degree (degree of consanguinity): Marriage between close relatives is prohibited.
Existing marital status: Monogamy is one of the basic principles of Turkish family law. If there is, it is not possible to make a second marriage before the previous marriage ends.
Waiting period: Married women whose marriage has ended cannot get married until the end of three hundred days (nine months) from the date of termination. In addition, the decision to divorce may indicate a waiting period during which the spouse cannot remarry.
Disease: Some diseases such as epilepsy and hysteria pose an obstacle to marriage.
What are the Documents Required for Marriage?
Marriage Application Letter
Foreign couples who decide to get married and want to start the marriage procedures must first apply to the municipality of their place of residence and submit an application petition called "Declaration of Marriage".
Passport and ID Card
Passport and ID card must be translated into Turkish by the relevant authorities. Foreigners can carry out this procedure at the Turkish Embassy of their country of citizenship or at a certified notary in the country.
A health report must be obtained from a state health institution called "Health Center" or "State Hospital". No reports from private hospitals or clinics will be accepted.
Six passport size photos of the bride and groom are required.
Certificate of celibacy
The "Certificate of Celibacy" stating whether a person is single, divorced or widow should be obtained from the relevant authorities of the foreign person's own country. If this document is to be issued in the foreigner's country, it must be certified or apostilled by the Turkish Consulate or Embassy there. It should also be translated into Turkish and must be notarized, otherwise, the marriage would not be valid in operation in Turkey. Certificate of celibacy of foreigners in Istanbul can also be issued by the Consulate of the country authorized by the Istanbul Governorship. If the document has been issued by the foreign country's embassy in Ankara, located in Ankara it must be certified by the Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
If both spouses are foreigners, a letter must be written by the accommodation facility (hotel, hostel, etc.) they are staying in the country. This letter should indicate the duration of stay and the date of departure of the persons at the facility.
Marriage license document
"Marriage License Document" to be obtained from the Population Directorate with a document prepared by the competent authorities for foreigners showing the person's name, surname, mother-father name, date of birth and place of birth, marital status (whether there is an obstacle to marriage) and duly certified, "If the name of the mother and father is not found in the marriage license, a valid document showing the name of the parents is sought. (Birth Certificate)
Marriage License Documents
- The document is processed by the governorship of the city in which the consulate in our city has given it, after confirming the signature and seal on the document (through notarized translation).
- Documents issued in their country, whose signature and seal are verified by our Consulate in the regulated country, are processed with a notarized translation.
- The document is processed with the Turkish translation made by the notary after it is approved by the representative office of that country and the relevant office of the governorship has verified the signature and seal.
- If an Apostille is issued from the country, it is processed with a notarized Turkish translation.
- There is no need for separate approval of the "International Marriage License" and "International Birth Certificate" brought from their country.
- Passport and visa must not be expired.
Validity Period of Files
The validity period of the marriage files is six months from the date of issuance of the "Marriage License". If no marriage contract is made within this period, the file will be canceled.
Marriage Permit Document
A marriage permit is issued to couples, who are found to have no obstacle to marrying and whose documents are complete if they wish. Couples who receive such a document can marry without the need for a separate document in the presence of the authority competent to marry domestically and abroad. The "Marriage Permit" is valid for six months from the date of issue.